Ancient Egyptian Stones

  • Black Onyx- A variety of quartz in crystalline form of calcium carbonate. It is characterized by a structure of parallel bands each differing in color or in the degree of translucency. Considered to be a marble because it can take a polish. is also a variety of Chalcedony with microscopic crystals. It is similar to Agate but has parallel regular bands. Onyx was the ancient birthstone for the month of July.

 

  • Red Coral- Physical Properties- any of a variety of invertebrate marine organisms of the class Anthozoa (phylum Cnidaria) that are characterized by skeletons-external or internal-of a stone-like consistency. The term coral is also applied to the skeletons of these animals. Metaphysical Properties- energizes emotions, strength, stability and long life. -Good for helping circulation, bones, harmony, fertility  the hard stony skeleton of a Mediterranean coral that has a delicate red or pink color and is used for jewelry.

 

  • Goldstone – sometimes called Moonstone or aventurine glass is a type of glittering glass made in a low-oxygen reducing atmosphere. The original manufacturing process for goldstone was invented in seventeenth-century Venice by the Miotti family.  Legend says goldstone was an accidental discovery by unspecified Italian monks or the product of alchemy.

 

  • Amethyst- Some beautiful gold and amethyst bracelets were excavated from a tomb in 1901, still on the arm of the woman they were buried with. Amethyst was loved by the Egyptians because of its purple hue. Purple also represented royalty to the Egyptians. That custom also carried on to ancient Rome, but most people don’t realize it had Egyptian roots.
  • Malachite- The color green was associated with fertility and the harvest. Malachite, a green stone, was very popular in Egypt. It was also associated with wisdom and discernment, and was worn by pharaohs to promote prophetic vision. Green was also believed to be a protective color, so the Eye of Horus was often made using malachite.
  • Emerald-  This green precious stone was a favorite of Queen Cleopatra’s. Emeralds were mined near the Red Sea, and Egypt held a monopoly on their production for an extended time period. Cleopatra regularly made gifts of emeralds to important dignitaries. Emerald, like amethyst, was a status symbol.
  • Red jasper- This stone was often placed in necklaces worn by the dead when they were buried. It symbolized blood and fire, and was thought to assist with safe passage into the afterlife. It was also used as a treatment for infertility.
  • Lapis Lazuli- Since this gemstone reflected the color of the sky, it was associated with holiness, creation, and resurrection. Lotus flowers in Egyptian artwork were often made out of lapis lazuli.
  • Carnelian- This warm orange gemstone was also associated with blood. It was believed to purify blood, treat sickness, and also relieve pain in the back. It was sometimes used to make the Djed pillar amulet. This holy symbol represented the tree trunk where Osiris’s dead body was reassembled after Isis collected the pieces. Carnelian was associated with protection and stability. Sometimes this gemstone was also used to create heart amulets.
  • Serpentine- In the Book of the Dead, the heart of the deceased is weighed against a feather by the goddess Maat to determine whether that individual deserved to enjoy an afterlife. ‘The similar heart scarab amulet, worn by the deceased, was often made out of serpentine (regularly mistaken for jade) or green jasper.
  • Turquoise. This gemstone was prized for its bright blue-green color which resembles the color of the sea. In a desert country, the sea was representative of happiness and cleanliness, so the gemstone stood for the same meanings. Turquoise was so beloved that the Egyptians entitled their goddess Hathor as ‘The Mistress of Turquoise.’
  • Amazonite- This gemstone was used to symbolize fertility and luck. In jewelry, it was used to promote reproductive health.
  • Topaz- This gemstone was often associated with Ra, the sun god, because of its (typical) color. It was also thought to protect the wearer from evil spirits and to prevent night terrors and other sleep disturbances.

 

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